KUALA LUMPUR, Dec 6 ― The Quran does not call for the establishment of an Islamic state, a Muslim scholar from Indonesia said today amid rising Islamist movements across the world looking for a return to a caliphate.
Dr Din Syamsuddin, the chairman of the Indonesian Council of Ulama’s advisory council, claimed that Prophet Muhammad had merely created a social, not political system during his time.
“I couldn’t find any single verse from the holy Quran, prophetic tradition, with a clear cut explanation about the creation of an Islamic state,” Din told a forum by lobby group G25 here on Islam in a constitutional democracy.
“As I mentioned, the very idea of Islam during the time of Prophet Muhammad is to create an ‘al-ummah al-Islamiyah’, which is a religious community.
“It’s a social religious community, not a political religious community as interpreted by some Muslims,” added Din, who is also professor of Islamic political thought at the National Islamic University in Jakarta.
Din also added that instead of the form of a government, creating a society based on egalitarianism is more important.
PAS has been pushing for the creation of an Islamic state in Malaysia and recently renewed efforts to implement hudud, a controversial Islamic penal code that punishes theft with the amputation of limbs, in Kelantan.
Hardline Islamists Hizbut Tahrir, which seeks to establish a global caliphate, was also decreed “deviant” by Selangor on September.