WASHINGTON, Aug 4 — US employers likely maintained a strong pace of hiring in July while raising wages for workers, signs of labour market tightness that could clear the way for the Federal Reserve to announce next month a plan to start shrinking its massive bond portfolio.
According to a Reuters survey of economists, the Labour Department's closely watched employment report today will probably show that nonfarm payrolls increased by 183,000 jobs last month after surging 222,000 in June.
Average hourly earnings are forecast to have risen 0.3 per cent after gaining 0.2 per cent in June. That would be the biggest increase in five months. But the year-on-year increase in wages will probably slow to 2.4 per cent as last year's sharp rise drops out of the calculation.
Average hourly earnings increased 2.5 per cent in the 12 months to June and have been trending lower since surging 2.8 per cent in February. Lack of strong wage growth is surprising given that the economy is near full employment.
"This will be another encouraging labour market report for the Fed in their anticipated plans for gradual monetary policy tightening into the second half of the year," said Sam Bullard, a senior economist at Wells Fargo Securities in Charlotte, North Carolina.
Economists expect the Fed will announce a plan to start reducing its US$4.5 trillion (RM19.3 trillion) portfolio of Treasury bonds and mortgage-backed securities in September.
Sluggish wage growth and the accompanying benign inflation, however, suggest the US central bank will delay raising interest rates again until December. The Fed has raised rates twice this year, and its benchmark overnight lending rate now stands in a range of 1 to 1.25 per cent.
Wage growth is crucial to sustaining the economic expansion after output increased at a 2.6 per cent annual rate in the second quarter, an acceleration from the January-March period's pedestrian 1.2 per cent pace.
The unemployment rate is forecast to have dropped one-tenth of a percentage point to 4.3 per cent, a 16-year touched in May. It has dropped four-tenths of a percentage point this year and matches the most recent Fed median forecast for 2017.
Still, some slack remains in the labour market, which economists say is restraining wage growth.
"We still have a lot of potential workers who are working part-time; there is still slack in the labour market which hasn't been fully worked through," said Mike Moran, head of economic research, the Americas, at Standard Chartered Bank in New York.
July's anticipated employment gains would be close to the 180,000 monthly average for the first half of the year. The economy needs to create 75,000 to 100,000 jobs per month to keep up with growth in the working-age population.
Republican President Donald Trump, who inherited a strong job market from the Obama administration, has pledged to sharply boost economic growth and further strengthen the labour market by slashing taxes, cutting regulation and boosting infrastructure spending.
But after six months in office, the Trump administration has failed to pass any economic legislation and has yet to articulate plans for tax reform and infrastructure as well as most of its planned regulatory roll-backs.
"Labour market dynamics remain very solid and we think that payroll gains in the coming months will continue to be strong enough to reduced the unemployment rate," said Harm Bandholz, chief US economist at UniCredit Research in New York.
The jobs composition in July likely mirrored June's. Manufacturing payrolls are forecast increasing by 5,000 jobs. But employment in the automobile sector probably fell further as slowing sales and bloated inventories force manufacturers to cut back on production.
US auto sales fell 6.1 per cent in July from a year ago to a seasonally adjusted rate of 16.73 million units. General Motors Co and Ford Motor Co have both said they will cut production in the second half of the year.
While further job gains are likely in construction, homebuilders probably laid off more workers in July. Investment in homebuilding contracted in the second quarter at its fastest pace in nearly seven years.
Retail payrolls are expected to have increased for a second straight month in July as hiring by online retailers more than offset job losses at brick-and-mortar stores.
Companies like major online retailer Amazon are creating jobs a warehouses and distribution centres. This week it held a series of job fairs to hire about 50,000 workers. — Reuters